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Refers to an optically active substance that rotates the plane of plane polarized light counterclockwise, also called levo.

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Polarization

The buildup of a product of oxidation or a reduction of an electrode, preventing further reaction.

Equivalence Point

The point at which chemically equivalent amounts of reactants have reacted.

Alkylbenzene

A compound containing an alkyl group bonded to a benzene ring.

Nuclear Fission

The process in which a heavy nucleus splits into nuclei of intermediate masses and one or more protons are emitted.

Partial Pressure

The pressure exerted by one gas in a mixture of gases.

Second Law of Thermodynamics

The universe tends toward a state of greater diorder in spontaneous processes.

Eluant or eluent

The solvent used in the process of elution, as in liquid chromatography.

 

Monoprotic Acid

Acid that can form only one hydronium ion per molecule, may be strong or weak. Acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen atom per formula unit.

Reducing Agent

The substance that reduces another substance and is oxidized.

Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy

The total amount of matter and energy available in the universe is fixed.