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Having the same electronic configurations.

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Covalent Bond

Chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electron pairs between two atoms.

Dextrorotatory

Refers to an optically active substance that rotates the plane of plane polarized light clockwise, also called dextro.

Double Bond

Covalent bond resulting from the sharing of four electrons (two pairs) between two atoms.

Intermolecular Forces

Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.

Absolute Entropy (of a substance)

The increase in the entropy of a substance as it goes from a perfectly ordered crystalline form at 0 °K (where its entropy is zero) to the temperature in question.

Entropy is a measure of the “dilution” of thermal energy.

Neutron

A neutral subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0087 amu.

Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis

In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.

Spectral Line

Any of a number of lines corresponding to definite wavelengths of an atomic emission or absorption spectrum, represents the energy difference between two energy levels.

 

Leveling Effect

Effect by which all acids stronger than the acid that is characteristic of the solvent react with solvent to produce that acid, similar statement applies to bases. The strongest acid (base) that can exist in a given solvent is the acid (base) characteristic of the solvent.

Alums

Hydrated sulfates of the general formula M+M3+(SO4)2.12H2).