H2SO4: colorless, oily liquid, boiling point 330C. A 96 percent solution is used in the laboratory.
Fire Hazard: This is a very powerful, acidic oxidizer which can Ignite or even explode on contact with many materials, i.e. acetic acid ,acetone+ HNOs, alcohols, + H202, NH4OH, HCL, NaOH, and others.
Sulfuric acid has a wide range of uses and plays a part in the production of nearly all manufactured goods.
- What are Compound Microscopes?
Most of the microscopes used today are compound. A compound microscope features two or more lenses. A hollow cylinder called the tube connects the two lenses. The top lens, the one people look through, is called the eyepiece. The bottom lens is known as the objective lens. Below the two lenses is...
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Diamonds are still a girl's best friend, right? We love the shiny gems. They are the most popular rocks sold today. But what exactly are they, anyway? Where do they come from? What else are they used for?
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
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Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
Either the oxidation part or the reduction part of a redox reaction.
A soap-like emulsifer that contains a sulfate, SO3 or a phosphate group instead of a carboxylate group.
Acid that can form only one hydronium ion per molecule, may be strong or weak. Acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen atom per formula unit.
Hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds. They are also called alkanes or paraffin hydrocarbons.
Compound containing the O-C-N group.Compound that can be considered a derivative of ammonia in which one or more hydrogens are replaced by a alkyl or aryl groups.
The amount of matter that would be converted into energy if an atom were formed from constituent particles.
First Law of Thermodynamics
The total amount of energy in the universe is constant (also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy) energy is neither created nor destroyed in ordinary chemical reactions and physical changes.
The direct vaporization of a sold by heating without passing through the liquid state.
Substances that flow freely, gases and liquids.
The amount of energy absorbed in the process in which an electron is added to a neutral isolated gaseous atom to form a gaseous ion with a 1- charge, has a negative value if energy is released.
Attractive interactions between polar molecules, that is, between molecules with permanent dipoles.
The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of substance one degree Celsius.
A compound formed by interaction of sucrose with a metallic oxide, usually lime, and useful in the purification of sugar.
High energy particles or rays emitted during the nuclear decay processes.
A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of solvent-like phase some time after their introduction.
Magnetic Quantum Number (mc)
Quantum mechanical solution to a wave equation that designates the particular orbital within a given set (s, p, d, f ) in which a electron resides.
The heat content of a specific amount of substance, defined as E= PV.
Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds.
A property that depends upon the amount of material in a sample.
Liquids that, when cooled, apparently solidify but actually continue to flow very slowly under the influence of gravity e.g glass.