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In aqueous solution, the process in which a molecular compound reacts with water and forms ions.

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Cohesive Forces

All the forces of attraction among particles of a liquid.

Solvent

The dispersing medium of a solution.

Standard Entropy

The absolute entropy of a substance in its standard state at 298 K.

Coordination Compound or Complex

A compound containing coordinate covalent bonds.

Beta Particle

Electron emitted from the nucleus when a neuton decays to a proton and an electron.

Coefficient of expansion

The ratio of the change in length or volumen of a body to the original lengthor volume for a unit change in temperature.

Addition Reaction

A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms are added to a molecule, one on each side of a double or triple bond. Types of addition reaction include electrophilic, nucleophilic (polar) and free radical addition (non-polar).

xylose

A colorless, crystalline pentose sugar, C5H10O5, derived from xylan, straw, corncobs, etc., by treating with heated dilute sulfuric acid, and dehydrating to furfural if stronger acid is used.

Free Radical

A highly reactive chemical species carrying no charge and having a single unpaired electron in an orbital.

Actual Yield

Amount of a specified pure product actually obtained from a given reaction. Compare with Theoretical Yield.