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Chemical bonding resulting from the transfer of one or more electrons from one atom or a group of atoms to another.

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Avogadro's Law

At the same temperature and pressure, equal volumes of all gases contain the same number of molecules.

Polyprotic Acid

An Acid that can form two or more hydronium ions per molecule, often a least one step of ionization is weak.

Electrolysis

Process that occurs in electrolytic cells.

Dry Cells

Ordinary batteries (voltaic cells) for flashlights. radios, and so on, many are Leclanche cells.

Band

A series of very closely spaced, nearly continuous molecular orbitals that belong to the crystal as a whole.

Nuclear Binding Energy

Energy equivalent of the mass deficiency, energy released in the formation of an atom from the subatomic particles.

 

Mole Fraction

The number of moles of a component of a mixture divided by the total number of moles in the mixture.

 

Weak Field Ligand

A Ligand that exerts a weak crystal or ligand field and ge- nerally forms high spin complexes with metals.

Reaction Quotient

The mass action expression under any set of conditions (not necessarily equlibrium), its magnitude relative to K determines the direction in which the reaction must occur to establish equilibrium.

Formal Charge

A method of counting electrons in a covalently bonded molecule or ion, counts bonding electrons as though they were equally shared between the two atoms.