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Chemical bonding resulting from the transfer of one or more electrons from one atom or a group of atoms to another.

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Half-Reaction

Either the oxidation part or the reduction part of a redox reaction.

Specific Rate Constant

An experimentally determined (proportionality) constant, which is different for different reactions and which changes only with temperature, k in the rate-law expression: Rate = k [A] x [B]v.

Binary Acid

A binary compound in which H is bonded to one or more of the more electronegative nonmetals.

Corrosion

Oxidation of metals in the presence of air and moisture.

Galvanizing

Placing a thin layer of zinc on a ferrous material to protect the underlying surface from corrosion.

 

Heterocyclic Amine

Amine in which the nitrogen is part of a ring.

Mixture

A sample of matter composed of two or more substances, each of which retains its identity and properties.

Nonelectrolyte

A substance whose aqueous solutions do not conduct electricity.

Total Ionic Equation

Equation for a chemical reaction written to show the predominant form of all species in aqueous solution or in contact with water.

Evaporation Rate

The rate at which a particular substance will vapourize (evaporate) when compared to the rate of a known substance such as ethyl ether. This term is especially useful for health and fire-hazard considerations.