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Chemical bonding resulting from the transfer of one or more electrons from one atom or a group of atoms to another.

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Solubility Product Principle

The solubility product constant expression for a slightly soluble compound is the product of the concentrations of the constituent ions, each raised to the power that corresponds to the number of ions in one formula unit.

Inner Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals for one shell inside the outermost occupied shell in its hybridization.

Saccharic

of or derived from saccharin or a saccharine substance.

 

Supercritical Fluid

A substance at temperature above its critical temperature.

Standard Entropy

The absolute entropy of a substance in its standard state at 298 K.

Insoluble Compound

A very slightly soluble compound.

Open Sextet

Refers to species that have only six electrons in the highest energy level of the central element (many Lewis acids).

Nitrogen Cycle

The complex series of reactions by which nitrogen is slowly but continually recycled in the atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere.

 

Octahedral

A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and six atoms at the corners of a octahedron.

Greenhouse Effect

Trapping of heat at the surface of the earth by carbon dioxide and water vapour in the atmosphere.