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Compounds containing predominantly ionic bonding.

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Adsorption

Adhesion of a species onto the surfaces of particles.

Chemical Change

A change in which one or more new substances are formed.

Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Born-Haber Cycle

A series of reactions (and accompanying enthalpy changes) which, when summed, represents the hypothetical one-step reaction by which elements in their standard states are converted into crystals of ionic compounds (and the accompanying enthalpy changes.)

Theoretical Yield

Maximum amount of a specified product that could be obtained from specified amounts of reactants, assuming complete consumption of limiting reactant according to only one reaction and complete recovery of product.

Electromotive Series

The relative order of tendencies for elements and their simple ions to act as oxidizing or reducing agents, also called the activity series.

Hydrogenation

The reaction in which hydrogen adds across a double or triple bond.

Cell Potential

Potential difference, Ecell, between oxidation and reduction half-cells under nonstandard conditions.

 

Ion Product for Water

Equilibrium constant for the ionization of water, Kw = [H3O+][OH-] =1.00 x 10-14 at 25 °C.

Partial Pressure

The pressure exerted by one gas in a mixture of gases.