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A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

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Chemical Kinetics

The study of rates and mechanisms of chemical reactions and of the factors on which they depend.

Saccharide

An organic compound containing a sugar or sugars.

Indicators

For acid-base titrations, organic compounds that exhibit different colors in solutions of different acidities, used to determine the point at which reaction between two solutes is complete.

Reversible Reaction

Reactions that do not go to completion and occur in both the forward and reverse direction.

Alkynes

Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.

Conformations

Structures of a compound that differ by the extent of rotation about a single bond.

Pairing Energy

Energy required to pair two electrons in the same orbital.

Combustible

Classification of liquid substances that will burn on the basis of flash points. A combustible liquid means any liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8°C (100°F) but below 93.3°C (200°F), except any mixture having components with flash points of 93.3°C (200°F) or higher, the total of which makes up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture.

Heterogeneous Equilibria

Equilibria involving species in more than one phase.

Canal Ray

Stream of positively charged particles (cations) that moves toward the negative electrode in cathode ray tubes, observed to pass through canals in the negative electrode.