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A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

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Acid

A substance that produces H+(aq) ions in aqueous solution. Strong acids ionize completely or almost completely in dilute aqueous solution. Weak acids ionize only slightly. Chemicals or substances having the property of an acid are said to be acidic.

Conformations

Structures of a compound that differ by the extent of rotation about a single bond.

Equivalent Weight

An oxidizing or reducing agent, who's mass gains (oxidizing agents) or loses (reducing agents) 6.022 x 1023 electrons in a redox reaction.
The mass of an acid or base that furnishes or reacts with 6.022 x 1023 H3O+ or OH- ions.

Cell Potential

Potential difference, Ecell, between oxidation and reduction half-cells under nonstandard conditions.

 

Semiconductor

A substance that does not conduct electricity at low temperatures but does so at higher temperatures.

Equilibrium Constant

A quantity that characterizes the position of equilibrium for a reversible reaction, its magnitude is equal to the mass action expression at equilibrium. K varies with temperature.

Exothermic

Describes processes that release heat energy.

Titration

A Procedure in which one solution is added to another solution until the chemical reaction between the two solutes is complete, the concentration of one solution is known and that of the other is unknown.

 

Alkylbenzene

A compound containing an alkyl group bonded to a benzene ring.

Boiling Point

The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the applied pressure, also the condensation point