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Theory of bonding in transition metal complexes in which ligands and metal ions are treated as point charges, a purely ionic model, ligand point charges represent the crystal (electrical) field perturbing the metal?s d orbitals containing nonbonding electrons.

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Catenation

Bonding of atoms of the same element into chains or rings.
The bonding together of atoms of the same element to form chains.
The ability of an element to bond to itself.

Linkage Isomers

Isomers in which a particular ligand bonds to a metal ion through different donor atoms.

 

Chemical Equilibrium

A state of dynamic balance in which the rates of forward and reverse reactions are equal, there is no net change in concentrations of reactants or products while a system is at equilibrium.

Solvent

The dispersing medium of a solution.

xenon tetrafluoride

A colorless, crystalline compound, XeF4, prepared by heating a gaseous mixture of fluorine and xenon.

Phase Diagram

Diagram that shows equilibrium temperature-pressure relationships for different phases of a substance.

Mother Nuclide

Nuclide that undergoes nuclear decay.

Intermolecular Forces

Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.

Ligand

A Lewis base in a coordination compound.

Periodic Table

An arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic numbers that also emphasizes periodicity.