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In Bronsted-Lowry terminology, a reactant and product that differ by a proton, H+.

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Coke

An impure form of carbon obtained by destructive distillation of coal or petroleum.

Excited State

Any state other than the ground state of an atom or molecule.

Quantum Numbers

Numbers that describe the energies of electrons in atoms, derived from quantum mechanical treatment.

Chain Reaction

A reaction that, once initiated, sustains itself and expands. This is a reaction in which reactive species, such as radicals, are produced in more than one step. These reactive species, radicals, propagate the chain reaction.

 

Buret

A piece of volumetric glassware, usually graduated in 0.1-mL intervals, that is used to deliver solutions to be used in titrations in a quantitative (dropwise) manner.

Specific Heat

The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of substance one degree Celsius.

Adsorption

Adhesion of a species onto the surfaces of particles.

Coordination Isomers

Isomers involving exchanges of ligands between complex cation and complex anion of the same compound.

Emulsion

Colloidal suspension of a liquid in a liquid.

Amine Complexes

Complex species that contain ammonia molecules bonded to metal ions.