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Amount of solute per unit volume or mass of solvent or of solution.

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Supersaturated Solution

A solution that contains a higher than saturation concentration of solute, slight disturbance or seeding causes crystallization of excess solute.

Solvent

The dispersing medium of a solution.

Electronegativity

A measure of the relative tendency of an atom to attract electrons to itself when chemically combined with another atom.

Temperature

A measure of the intensity of heat, i.e. the hotness or coldness of a sample. or object.

Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Homogeneous Catalyst

A catalyst that exists in the same phase (solid, liquid or gas) as the reactants. The process is called Homogeneous Catalysis.

Paramagnetism

Attraction toward a magnetic field, stronger than diamagnetism, but still weak compared to ferromagnetism.

Semipermable Membrane

A thin partition between two solutions through which certain molecules can pass but others cannot.

Equation of State

An equation that describes the behavior of matter in a given state, the van der Waals equation describes the behavior of the gaseous state.

xenon hexafluoride

A colorless, crystalline compound, XeF6, that melts at 50°C to a yellow liquid, and boils at 75°C.