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Physical properties of solutions that depend upon the number but not the kind of solute particles present.

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Calorie

The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of water from 14.5°C to 15.5°C. 1 calorie = 4.184 joules.

Manometer

A two-armed barometer.

Saccharic

of or derived from saccharin or a saccharine substance.

 

Second Law of Thermodynamics

The universe tends toward a state of greater diorder in spontaneous processes.

Dynamic Equilibrium

An equilibrium in which processes occur continuously, with no net change. When two (or more) processes occur at the same rate so that no net change occurs.

Line Spectrum

An atomic emission or absorption spectrum.

Suspension

A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of solvent-like phase some time after their introduction.

Half-Cell

Compartment in which the oxidation or reduction half-reaction occurs in a voltaic cell.

Salinometer

An instrument for measuring the amount of salt in a solution. Also,"salimeter, salometer."

Bronsted-Lowry Acid

A proton donor.