Physical properties of solutions that depend upon the number but not the kind of solute particles present.
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support
Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
- Harmful Chemicals Found In Food
It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
- Chemical Safety
People use chemicals every day for a wide array of purposes, which can include work and house hold duties. Many of us fail to realize that we are actually handling potentially deadly chemicals when we simply clean the bathroom or wash the car. This brings to mind the reason why chemical safety is...
Consisting of only one element.
Water containing deuterium, a heavy isotope of hydrogen.
The attractive forces that hold atoms together in elements or compounds.
A hypothetical gas that obeys exactly all postulates of the kinetic-molecular theory.
A chemical or compound that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release or pressure, gas, heat and light when subjected to sudden shock, pressure, high temperature or applied potential.
Adverse health effects resulting from skin exposure ot a substance.
Conjugated Double Bonds
Double bonds that are separated from each other by one single bond -C=C-C=C-.
Second Law of Thermodynamics
The universe tends toward a state of greater diorder in spontaneous processes.
Colloidal suspension of a liquid in a liquid.
Valence Bond Theory
Assumes that covalent bonds are formed when atomic orbitals on different atoms overlap and the electrons are shared.
Electron Deficient Compounds
Compounds that contain at least one atom (other than H) that shares fewer than eight electrons.
Colloidal suspension of a solid dispersed in a liquid, a semirigid solid.
A positive ion, an atom or group of atoms that has lost one or more electrons.
Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.
Compound produced by dehydration of a carbonic acid. General formula is R--C--O--C--R. Chemical compound that reacts with water to form an acid and are usually oxides of nonmetallic elements.
Any of a group of dyes having a molecular structure related to that of xanthene in which the aromatic (C6H4) groups are the chromophore.
The lowest energy state or most stable state of an atom, molecule or ion.
A gas filled tube which discharges electriaclly when ionizing radiation passes through it.
The sum of the molalities of all solute particles in a solution.
The metal ion and its coordinating ligands but not any uncoordinated counter-ions.