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The dispersing medium of a solution.

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Varieties of garnet minerals

The most famous type of garnet stone is pyrope (flaming). This is the "oldest of garnets", with a dense red color, similar to the grain of an edible garnet. Pyrope has a variety called rhodolite - a stone of dense pink or pink-purple color, which sometimes has the alexandrite effect and is used in elite jewelry.

Chemical Bonds

The attractive forces that hold atoms together in elements or compounds.

van der Waals' Equation

An equation of state that extends the ideal gas law to real gases by inclusion of two empirically determined parameters, which are different for different gases.

Plasma

A physical state of matter which exists at extremely high temperatures in which all molecules are dissociated and most atoms are ionized.

Substitution Reaction

A reaction in which an atom or a group of atoms is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.

Molecular Weight

The mass of one molecule of a nonionic substance in atomic mass units.

Electrode Potentials

Potentials, E, of half-reactions as reductions versus the standard hydrogen electrode.

End Point

The point at which an indicator changes colour and a titration is stopped.

Coordination Isomers

Isomers involving exchanges of ligands between complex cation and complex anion of the same compound.

Reversible Reaction

Reactions that do not go to completion and occur in both the forward and reverse direction.