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The increase in the boiling point of a solvent caused by the dissolution of a nonvolatile solute.

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xylan

The pentosan occurring in woody tissue that hydrolyzes to xylose: used as a source of furfural.

Chemical Equation

Description of a chemical reaction by placing the formulas of the reactants on the left and the formulas of products on the right of an arrow.

Coefficient of expansion

The ratio of the change in length or volumen of a body to the original lengthor volume for a unit change in temperature.

Electromotive Series

The relative order of tendencies for elements and their simple ions to act as oxidizing or reducing agents, also called the activity series.

Group

A vertical column in the periodic table, also called a family.

Heat of Fusion

The amount of heat required to melt one gram of solid at its melting point with no change in temperature. Usually expressed in J/g. The molar heat of fusion is the amount of heat required to melt one mole of a solid at its melting point with no change in temperature and is usually expressed in kJ/mol.

Anode

In a cathode ray tube, the positive electrode. Electrode at which oxidation occurs.

Matter

Anything that has mass and occupies space.

Alpha Particles

A helium nucleus.

Compressed Gas

A gas or mixture of gases having, in a container an absolute pressure exceeding 40 psi at 21.1°C (70°F)