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The increase in the boiling point of a solvent caused by the dissolution of a nonvolatile solute.

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Endothermic

Describes processes that absorb heat energy.

Coefficient of expansion

The ratio of the change in length or volumen of a body to the original lengthor volume for a unit change in temperature.

Electrophile

Positively charged or electron-deficient.

Suspension

A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of solvent-like phase some time after their introduction.

Pauli Exclusion Principle

No two electrons in the same atom may have identical sets of four quantum numbers.

Addition Reaction

A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms are added to a molecule, one on each side of a double or triple bond. Types of addition reaction include electrophilic, nucleophilic (polar) and free radical addition (non-polar).

Basic Salt

A salt containing an ionizable OH group.

Explosive limits

The range of concentrations over which a flammable vapour mixed with proper ratios of air will ignite or explode if a source of ignitions is provided.

Catenation

Bonding of atoms of the same element into chains or rings.
The bonding together of atoms of the same element to form chains.
The ability of an element to bond to itself.

Solubility Product Constant

Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissolution of a slightly soluble compound.