A gas formed by boiling or evaporating a liquid.
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An inhibitor, a catalyst that decreases the rate of reaction.
CA3COOH, clear, colorless liquid, pungent odor. Boiling point 140C, flash point 54C (closed cup), autoignition temperature 38OC.
The buildup of a product of oxidation or a reduction of an electrode, preventing further reaction.
Crystal Field Stabilization Energy
A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.
Colloidal suspension of a liquid in a liquid.
Compounds containing predominantly ionic bonding.
Standard Electrode Potential
By convention, potential, Eo, of a half-reaction as a reduction relative to the standard hydrogen electrode when all species are present at unit activity.
The unit used to express dipole moments.
The smallest particle of an element.
A class of enzymes found in bacteria within root nodules in some plants, which catalyze reactions by which N2 molecules from the air are converted to ammonia.
A reaction that, once initiated, sustains itself and expands. This is a reaction in which reactive species, such as radicals, are produced in more than one step. These reactive species, radicals, propagate the chain reaction.
Isomers involving exchanges of ligands between complex cation and complex anion of the same compound.
A solution that obeys Raoult's Law exactly.
Hydrocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring. Alcohols are a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group, OH, attached to a carbon atom.
The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds of a given kind (in gas phase).The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds in a substance, dissociating the sustance in the gaseous state into atoms of its elements in the gaseous state.
A salt containing an ionizable OH group.
A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles do not settle out.
Any of a subgroup of rare-earth elements, of which the cerium and terbium metals comprise the other two subgroups.
The breaking up of a compound into separate ions.
Compound in which an alkyl or aryl group and a hydrogen atom are attached to a carbonyl group and a hydrogen atom are attached to a carbonyl group, general formula, O-R-C-H