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A theory of chemical bonding based upon the postulated existence of molecular orbitals.

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Saturated Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds. They are also called alkanes or paraffin hydrocarbons.

Alkaline Battery

A dry cell in which the electrolyte contains KOH.

Bronsted-Lowry Acid

A proton donor.

Conformations

Structures of a compound that differ by the extent of rotation about a single bond.

Kinetic-molecular Theory

A theory, that attempts to explain macroscopic observations on gases in microscopic observations on gases in microscopic observations on gases in microscopic or molecular terms.

Eluant or eluent

The solvent used in the process of elution, as in liquid chromatography.

 

Isomers

Different substances that have the same formula.

Molecular Orbital Theory

A theory of chemical bonding based upon the postulated existence of molecular orbitals.

Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

A technique for measuring the temperature, direction, and magnitude of thermal transitions in a sample material by heating/cooling and comparing the amount of energy required to maintain its rate of temperature increase or decrease with an inert reference material under similar conditions.

Stoichiometry

Description of the quantitative relationships among elements and compounds as they undergo chemical changes.