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By convention, potential, Eo, of a half-reaction as a reduction relative to the standard hydrogen electrode when all species are present at unit activity.

 

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Fatty Acids

An aliphatic acid, many can obtained from animal fats.

Alcohol

Hydrocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring. Alcohols are a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group, OH, attached to a carbon atom.

Second Law of Thermodynamics

The universe tends toward a state of greater diorder in spontaneous processes.

Outer Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.

Law of Combining Volumes (Gay-Lussac's Law)

At constant temperature and pressure, the volumes of reacting gases (and any gaseous products) can be expressed as ratios of small whole numbers.

 

Fluorescence

Absorption of high energy radiation by a substance and subsequent emission of visible light.

Dipole

Refers to the separation of charge between two covalently bonded atoms.

Polarization

The buildup of a product of oxidation or a reduction of an electrode, preventing further reaction.

Percent by Mass

100% times the actual yield divided by theoretical yield.

Optical Activity

The rotation of plane polarized light by one of a pair of optical isomers.