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A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and four atoms at the corners of a square.

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Effective Molality

The sum of the molalities of all solute particles in a solution.

Electrolysis

Process that occurs in electrolytic cells.

Daughter Nuclide

Nuclide that is produced in a nuclear decay.

 

Standard Entropy

The absolute entropy of a substance in its standard state at 298 K.

Outer Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.

Standard Electrodes

Half-cells in which the oxidized and reduced forms of a species are present at unit activity, 1.0M solutions of dissolved ions, 1.0atm partial pressure of gases, and pure solids and liquids.

Boiling Point

The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the applied pressure, also the condensation point

Magnetic Quantum Number (mc)

Quantum mechanical solution to a wave equation that designates the particular orbital within a given set (s, p, d, f ) in which a electron resides.

Radical

An atom or group of atoms that contains one or more unpaired electrons (usually very reactive species)

Atomic Mass Unit (amu)

One twelfth of a mass of an atom of the carbon-12 isotope, a unit used for stating atomic and formula weights, also called dalton.