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An experimentally determined (proportionality) constant, which is different for different reactions and which changes only with temperature, k in the rate-law expression: Rate = k [A] x [B]v.

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Covalent Bond

Chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electron pairs between two atoms.

Phenol

Hydrocarbon derivative containing an [OH] group bound to an aromatic raing.

 

Hydrate Isomers

Isomers of crystalline complexes that differ in whether water is present inside or outside the coordination sphere.

Chain Reaction

A reaction that, once initiated, sustains itself and expands. This is a reaction in which reactive species, such as radicals, are produced in more than one step. These reactive species, radicals, propagate the chain reaction.

 

Coordination Sphere

The metal ion and its coordinating ligands but not any uncoordinated counter-ions.

Viscosity

Resistance offered by the molecules of a liquid to flow is termed as viscosity.

Derivative

A compound that can be imagined to arise from a partent compound by replacement of one atom with another atom or group of atoms. Used extensively in orgainic chemistry to assist in identifying compounds.

Reversible Reaction

Reactions that do not go to completion and occur in both the forward and reverse direction.

Saturated Solution

Solution in which no more solute will dissolve.

Saccharide

An organic compound containing a sugar or sugars.