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The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of substance one degree Celsius.

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Crystalline Solid

A solid characterized by a regular, ordered arrangement of particles.

Cyclotron

A device for accelerating charged particles along a spiral path.

Film badge

A small patch of photographic film worn on clothing to detect and measure accumulated incident ionizing radiation.

Lanthanide Contraction

A decrease in the radii of the elements following the lanthanides compared to what would be expected if there were no f-transition metals.

Binding Energy (nuclear binding energy)

The energy equivalent (E = mc^2) of the mass deficiency of an atom.  where: E = is the energy in joules, m is the mass in kilograms, and c is the speed of light in m/s^2

What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support

Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry.

As these quality standards become stricter, beverage producers are increasingly called upon to get products to market faster using fewer resources, while simultaneously managing ingredient quality, and ultimately, risk.

Metal

An element below and to the left of the stepwise division (metalloids) in the upper right corner of the periodic table, about 80% of the known elements are metals.

Atomic Number


Integral number of protons in the nucleus, defines the identity of element.
 

Dynamic Equilibrium

An equilibrium in which processes occur continuously, with no net change. When two (or more) processes occur at the same rate so that no net change occurs.

Optical Activity

The rotation of plane polarized light by one of a pair of optical isomers.