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The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of substance one degree Celsius.

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Bonding Orbital

A molecular orbit lower in energy than any of the atomic orbitals from which it is derived, lends stability to a molecule or ion when populated with electron.

Salicylate

A salt or ester of salicylic acid.

Double Bond

Covalent bond resulting from the sharing of four electrons (two pairs) between two atoms.

Mother Nuclide

Nuclide that undergoes nuclear decay.

Molar Solubility

Number of moles of a solute that dissolve to produce a litre of saturated solution.

Ostwald Process

A process for the industrial production of nitrogen oxide and nitric acid from ammonia and oxygen.

Cis-Trans Isomerism

A type of geometrical isomerism related to the angles between like ligands.

Oil

Liquid triester of glycerol and unsaturated fatty acids.

Gem-dimethyl group

Two methyl groups of the same carbon atom.

Clay

A class of silicate and aluminosilicate minerals with sheet-like structures that have enormous surface areas that can absorb large amounts of water.