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Hydrolysis of esters in the presence of strong soluable bases.

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Sublimation

The direct vaporization of a sold by heating without passing through the liquid state.

Enzyme

A protein that acts as a catalyst in biological systems.

Conjugated Double Bonds

Double bonds that are separated from each other by one single bond -C=C-C=C-.

Bronsted-Lowry Acid

A proton donor.

Control Rods

Rods of materials such as cadmium or boron steel that act as neutron obsorbers (not merely moderaters) used in nuclear reactors to control neutron fluxes and therfore rates of fission.

Coke

An impure form of carbon obtained by destructive distillation of coal or petroleum.

Free Energy, Gibbs Free Energy

The thermodynamic state function of a system that indicates the amount of energy available for the system to do useful work at constant T and P.

Linkage Isomers

Isomers in which a particular ligand bonds to a metal ion through different donor atoms.

 

ytterbium

A rare metallic element found in gadolinite and forming compounds resembling those of yttrium. Symbol: Yb, at. wt.: 173.04, at. no.: 70, sp. gr.: 6.96. Cf."rare-earth element."

 

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