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Hydrolysis of esters in the presence of strong soluable bases.

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Polyprotic Acid

An Acid that can form two or more hydronium ions per molecule, often a least one step of ionization is weak.

Distillation

The separation of a liquid mixture into its components on the basis of differences in boiling points. The process in which components of a mixture are separated by boiling away the more volitile liquid.

Dextrorotatory

Refers to an optically active substance that rotates the plane of plane polarized light clockwise, also called dextro.

Band of Stability

Band containing nonradioactive nuclides in a plot of number of neutrons versus atomic number.

Lanthanides

Elements 58 to 71 (after lanthanum).

Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO)

A person or employee who is qualified by training or experience to provide technical guidance in the development and implementations of the provisions of a Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)

Ionization Constant

Equilibrium constant for the ionization of a weak electrolyte.

Exothermic

Describes processes that release heat energy.

London Forces

Very weak and very short-range attractive forces between short-lived temporary (induced) dipoles, also called dispersion Forces.

Solubility Product Constant

Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissolution of a slightly soluble compound.