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Hydrolysis of esters in the presence of strong soluable bases.

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Hydration Energy

The energy change accompanying the hydration of a mole of gase and ions.

Alkenes (Olefins)

Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds.

Emission Spectrum

Spectrum associated with emission of electromagnetic radiation by atoms (or other species) resulting from electronic transitions from higher to lower energy states.

 

Fat

Solid triester of glycerol and (mostly) saturated fatty acids.

Neutralization

The reaction of an acid with a base to form a salt and water. Usually, the reaction of hydrogen ions with hydrogen ions to form water molecules.

Open Sextet

Refers to species that have only six electrons in the highest energy level of the central element (many Lewis acids).

Atomic Weight

Weighted average of the masses of the constituent isotopes of an element, The relative masses of atoms of different elements.

Ester

A Compound of the general formula R-C-O-R1 where R and R1 may be the same or different, and may be either aliphatic or aromatic.

Ionic Bonding

Chemical bonding resulting from the transfer of one or more electrons from one atom or a group of atoms to another.

Nucleons

Particles comprising the nucleus, protons and neutrons.