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Hydrolysis of esters in the presence of strong soluable bases.

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Polymer

A large molecule consisting of chains or rings of linked monomer units, usually characterized by high melting and boiling points.

Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory

Assumes that electron pairs are arranged around the central element of a molecule or polyatomic ion so that there is maximum separation (and minimum repulsion) among regions of high electron density.

 

Electron Affinity

The amount of energy absorbed in the process in which an electron is added to a neutral isolated gaseous atom to form a gaseous ion with a 1- charge, has a negative value if energy is released.

Substitution Reaction

A reaction in which an atom or a group of atoms is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Benzene and its derivatives.

Law of Definite Proportions (Law of Constant Composition)

The law stating that a pure substance will always have the same percent by weight. Different samples of a pure compound always contain the same elements in the same proportions by mass.

Adsorption

Adhesion of a species onto the surfaces of particles.

Radioactive Dating

Method of dating ancient objects by determining the ratio of amounts of mother and daughter nuclides present in an object and relating the ratio to the object?s age via half-life calculations.

Inhibitory Catalyst

An inhibitor, a catalyst that decreases the rate of reaction.

Avogadro's Number

The number (6.022x10^23) of atoms, molecules or particles found in exactly 1 mole of substance.