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Hydrolysis of esters in the presence of strong soluable bases.

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Saccharic acid

A white, needlelike, crystalline, water-soluble solid or syrup, C6H10O8, usually made by the oxidation of cane sugar, glucose, or starch by nitric acid. Also called "Glucaric acid."

Hess' Law of Heat Summation

The enthalpy change for a reaction is the same whether it occurs in one step or a series of steps.

Joule

A unit of energy in the SI system. One joule is 1 kg. m2/s2 which is also 0.2390 calorie.

Active Metal

Metal with low ionization energy that loses electrons readily to form cations.

Molecular Weight

The mass of one molecule of a nonionic substance in atomic mass units.

Saccharide

An organic compound containing a sugar or sugars.

Coordination Number

In describing crystals, the number of nearest neighbours of an atom or ion. The number of donor atoms coordinated to a metal.

Eluant or eluent

The solvent used in the process of elution, as in liquid chromatography.

 

Heavy Water

Water containing deuterium, a heavy isotope of hydrogen.

Mass

A measure of the amount of matter in an object. Mass is usually measured in grams or kilograms.