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High energy particles or rays emitted during the nuclear decay processes.

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Mass Spectrometer

An instrument that measures the charge-to-mass ratio of charged particles.

Curie (Ci)

The basic unit used to describe the intensity of radioactivity in a sample of material. One curie equals 37 billion disintegrations per second or approximately the amount of radioactivty given off by 1 gram of radium.

Linkage Isomers

Isomers in which a particular ligand bonds to a metal ion through different donor atoms.

 

Reversible Reaction

Reactions that do not go to completion and occur in both the forward and reverse direction.

Graham's Law

The rates of effusion of gases are inversely proportional to the square roots of their molecular weights or densities.

Phosphorus Oxychloride

Colorless to slightly yellow fuming liquid.

Mol. Wt.: 153.39
M.P.: 20C
B.P.: 105.1C
Density: 1.685 @ 15.5C
Vapor Pressure: 40 mm @ 27.3C
Vapor Density: 5.3
Used as the phosphorus source for phosphorus diffusion.

Salicylate

A salt or ester of salicylic acid.

Surface Tension

It is the force in dynes acting along the surface of the liquid 1cm in length and perpendicular to it.

Ideal Gas

A hypothetical gas that obeys exactly all postulates of the kinetic-molecular theory.

 

Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.