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Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals for one shell inside the outermost occupied shell in its hybridization.

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Alcohol

Hydrocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring. Alcohols are a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group, OH, attached to a carbon atom.

Free Energy Change

The indicator of spontaneity of a process at constnt T and P. If delta-G is negative, the process is spontaneous.

Semiconductor

A substance that does not conduct electricity at low temperatures but does so at higher temperatures.

Canal Ray

Stream of positively charged particles (cations) that moves toward the negative electrode in cathode ray tubes, observed to pass through canals in the negative electrode.

Ideal Gas Law

The product of pressure and the volume of an ideal gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas and the absolute temperature.

Formula Unit

The smallest repeating unit of a substance. The molecule for nonionic substances

Mole Fraction

The number of moles of a component of a mixture divided by the total number of moles in the mixture.

 

Rate-law Expression

Equation relating the rate of a reaction to the concentrations of the reactants and the specific rate of the constant.

DP number

The degree of polymerization, the average number of monomer units per polymer unit.

Dispersing Medium

The solvent-like phase in a colloid.