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Mixing a set of atomic orbitals to form a new set of atomic orbitals with the same total electron capacity and with properties and energies intermediate between those of the original unhybridized orbitals.

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Peroxide

A compound containing oxygen in the -1 oxidation state. Metal peroxides contain the peroxide ion, O22

Homonuclear

Consisting of only one element.

Magnetic Quantum Number (mc)

Quantum mechanical solution to a wave equation that designates the particular orbital within a given set (s, p, d, f ) in which a electron resides.

Eutrophication

The undesirable overgrowth of vegetation caused by high concentrates of plant nutrients in bodies of water.

Heterogeneous Equilibria

Equilibria involving species in more than one phase.

Electrophile

Positively charged or electron-deficient.

Molar Solubility

Number of moles of a solute that dissolve to produce a litre of saturated solution.

Crystal Lattice

A pattern of arrangement of particles in a crystal.

Fluids

Substances that flow freely, gases and liquids.

Distillation

The separation of a liquid mixture into its components on the basis of differences in boiling points. The process in which components of a mixture are separated by boiling away the more volitile liquid.