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Group VIIA elements: F, Cl, Br, I

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Stereoisomers

Isomers that differ only in the way that atoms are oriented in space, consist of geometrical and optical isomers.

 

Extrapolate

To estimate the value of a result outside the range of a series of known values. Technique used in standard additions calibration procedure.

Saponification

Hydrolysis of esters in the presence of strong soluable bases.

Coke

An impure form of carbon obtained by destructive distillation of coal or petroleum.

Kinetic Energy

Energy that matter processes by virtue of its motion.

Flotation

Method by which hydrophobic (water-repelling) particles of an ore are separated from hydrophilic (water-attracting) particles of a metallurgical pretreatment process.

Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy

The total amount of matter and energy available in the universe is fixed.

Mass Spectrometer

An instrument that measures the charge-to-mass ratio of charged particles.

Oxidation

An algebraic increase in the oxidation number, may correspond to a loss of electrons.

Semiconductor

A substance that does not conduct electricity at low temperatures but does so at higher temperatures.