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All the forces of attraction among particles of a liquid.

Latest Articles

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xanthate

A salt or ester of xanthic acid. Many xanthates have a yellow color. Xanthates are used as flotation agents in mineral processing.

Boiling Point Elevation

The increase in the boiling point of a solvent caused by the dissolution of a nonvolatile solute.

Functional Group

A group of atoms that represents a potential reaction site in an organic compound.

Amine

Derivatives of ammonia in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic groups.

Atomic Weight

Weighted average of the masses of the constituent isotopes of an element, The relative masses of atoms of different elements.

Monoprotic Acid

Acid that can form only one hydronium ion per molecule, may be strong or weak. Acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen atom per formula unit.

Fractional Distillation

The process in which a fractioning column is used in distillation apparatus to separate components of a liquid mixture that have different boiling points.

Vapor

A gas formed by boiling or evaporating a liquid.

Lanthanide Contraction

A decrease in the radii of the elements following the lanthanides compared to what would be expected if there were no f-transition metals.

Electroplating

Plating a metal onto a (cathodic) surface by electrolysis.