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Potential difference, Ecell, between oxidation and reduction half-cells under nonstandard conditions.

 

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Oil

Liquid triester of glycerol and unsaturated fatty acids.

Mother Nuclide

Nuclide that undergoes nuclear decay.

A brief history of dyeing fabrics

 Dyeing fabrics is giving the fibers a homogeneous color that has a certain degree of strength. The methods of dyeing are very diverse, depending on the properties of the dyes and the dyed fibers.

Half-Cell

Compartment in which the oxidation or reduction half-reaction occurs in a voltaic cell.

Disproportionation Reactions

Redox reactions in which the oxidizing agent and the reducing agent are the same species.

Atomic Mass Unit (amu)

One twelfth of a mass of an atom of the carbon-12 isotope, a unit used for stating atomic and formula weights, also called dalton.

Free Energy Change

The indicator of spontaneity of a process at constnt T and P. If delta-G is negative, the process is spontaneous.

Ionization Energy

The minimum amount of energy required to remove the most loosely held electron of an isolated gaseous atom or ion.

Cathode Ray Tube

Closed glass tube containing a gas under low pressure, with electrodes near the ends and a luminescent screen at the end near the positive electrode, produces cathode rays when high voltage is applied.

Nucleons

Particles comprising the nucleus, protons and neutrons.