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A positive ion, an atom or group of atoms that has lost one or more electrons.

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    Diamond is a crystalline modification of pure carbon formed in the deep interior of the Earth, in the upper mantle at depths of more than 80-100 kilometers, at exceptionally high pressure and temperature. It is the most precious stone, the hardest and most wear-resistant mineral, the most...

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Temperature

A measure of the intensity of heat, i.e. the hotness or coldness of a sample. or object.

Electronegativity

A measure of the relative tendency of an atom to attract electrons to itself when chemically combined with another atom.

Oxidation-reduction Reactions

Reactions in which oxidation and reduction occur, also called redox reactions.

Saccharic acid

A white, needlelike, crystalline, water-soluble solid or syrup, C6H10O8, usually made by the oxidation of cane sugar, glucose, or starch by nitric acid. Also called "Glucaric acid."

Nucleons

Particles comprising the nucleus, protons and neutrons.

Artificial Transmutation

An artificially induced nuclear reaction caused by the bombardment of a nucleus with subatomic particiles or small nucei.

Formula Weight

The mass of one formula unit of a substance in atomic mass units.

 

Emulsion

Colloidal suspension of a liquid in a liquid.

Line Spectrum

An atomic emission or absorption spectrum.

High Spin Complex

Crystal field designation for an outer orbital complex, all t2g and eg orbitals are singly occupied before any pairing occurs.