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The oxide of a metal that reacts with water to form a base.

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Percent Composition

The mass percent of each element in a compound.

Free Energy, Gibbs Free Energy

The thermodynamic state function of a system that indicates the amount of energy available for the system to do useful work at constant T and P.

Crystal Lattice Energy

Amount of energy that holds a crystal together, the energy change when a mole of solid is formed from its constituent molecules or ions (for ionic compounds) in their gaseous state.

Pairing

A favourable interaction of two electrons with opposite m , values in the same orbital.

Nuclear Binding Energy

Energy equivalent of the mass deficiency, energy released in the formation of an atom from the subatomic particles.

 

Isomers

Different substances that have the same formula.

Flammable

A liquid as defined by NFPD and DOT as having a flash point below 37.8°C (100°F).

Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons that contain double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.

Structural Isomers

Compounds that contain the same number of the same kinds of atoms in different geometric arrangements.

Clay

A class of silicate and aluminosilicate minerals with sheet-like structures that have enormous surface areas that can absorb large amounts of water.