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A colorless, crystalline compound, XeF4, prepared by heating a gaseous mixture of fluorine and xenon.

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Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Heat Capacity

The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a body (of any mass) one degree Celsius.

Cell Potential

Potential difference, Ecell, between oxidation and reduction half-cells under nonstandard conditions.

 

Enantiomer

One of the two mirror-image forms of an optically active molecule.

Saccharic acid

A white, needlelike, crystalline, water-soluble solid or syrup, C6H10O8, usually made by the oxidation of cane sugar, glucose, or starch by nitric acid. Also called "Glucaric acid."

Electrolytic Conduction

Conduction of electrical current by ions through a solution or pure liquid.

Linkage Isomers

Isomers in which a particular ligand bonds to a metal ion through different donor atoms.

 

Total Ionic Equation

Equation for a chemical reaction written to show the predominant form of all species in aqueous solution or in contact with water.

Yellowcake

The solid form of mixed uranium oxide, which is produced from uranium ore in the uranium recovery (milling) process.

Transition State Theory

Theory of reaction rates that states that reactants pass through high-energy transition states before forming products.