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A Ligand that exerts a weak crystal or ligand field and ge- nerally forms high spin complexes with metals.

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Electroplating

Plating a metal onto a (cathodic) surface by electrolysis.

Method of Initial Rates

Method of determining the rate-law expression by carrying out a reaction with different initial concentrations and analyzing the resultant changes in initial rates.

Quantum Mechanics

Mathematical method of treating particles on the basis of quantum theory, which assumes that energy (of small particles) is not infinitely divisible.

Manometer

A two-armed barometer.

Disproportionation Reactions

Redox reactions in which the oxidizing agent and the reducing agent are the same species.

Amorphous Solid

A noncrystalline solid with no well-defined ordered structure.

Outer Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.

Ionic Geometry

The arrangement of atoms (not lone pairs of electrons) about the central atom of a polyatomic ion.

Isomers

Different substances that have the same formula.

Frasch Process

Method by which elemental sulfur is mined or extracted. Sulfur is melted with superheated water (at 170°C under high pressure) and forced to the surface of the earth as a slurry.