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A group of atoms derived from an alkane by the removal of one hydrogen atom.

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Oxide

A binary compound of oxygen.

Dissociation

In aqueous solution, the process in which a solid ionic compound separates into its ions.

Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

Mass

A measure of the amount of matter in an object. Mass is usually measured in grams or kilograms.

Half-Life

The time required for half of a reactant to be converted into product(s). The time required for half of a given sample to undergo radioactive decay.

Supercritical Fluid

A substance at temperature above its critical temperature.

Oxidation Numbers

Arbitrary numbers that can be used as mechanical aids in writing formulas and balancing equations, for single- atom ions they correspond to the charge on the ion, more electronegative atoms are assigned negative oxidation numbers (also called Oxidation states).

Acetic Acid

CA3COOH, clear, colorless liquid, pungent odor. Boiling point 140C, flash point 54C (closed cup), autoignition temperature 38OC.

Ester

A Compound of the general formula R-C-O-R1 where R and R1 may be the same or different, and may be either aliphatic or aromatic.

Saccharide

An organic compound containing a sugar or sugars.