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The energy stored in the nucleus of an atom and released through fission, fusion, or radioactivity. In these processes a small amount of mass is converted to energy according to the relationship E = mc2, where E is energy, m is mass, and c is the speed of light.

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Electrical Conductivity

Ability to conduct electricity.

Coulomb

Unit of electrical charge.

Titration

A Procedure in which one solution is added to another solution until the chemical reaction between the two solutes is complete, the concentration of one solution is known and that of the other is unknown.

 

Structural Isomers

Compounds that contain the same number of the same kinds of atoms in different geometric arrangements.

Oxidation Numbers

Arbitrary numbers that can be used as mechanical aids in writing formulas and balancing equations, for single- atom ions they correspond to the charge on the ion, more electronegative atoms are assigned negative oxidation numbers (also called Oxidation states).

Miscibility

The ability of one liquid to mix with (dissolve in) another liquid.

Mother Nuclide

Nuclide that undergoes nuclear decay.

Electrolysis

Process that occurs in electrolytic cells.

Voltaic Cells

Electrochemical cells in which spontaneous chemical reactions produce electricity, also called galvanic cells.

 

Band Theory of Metals

Theory that accounts for the bonding and properties of metallic solids.