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The energy stored in the nucleus of an atom and released through fission, fusion, or radioactivity. In these processes a small amount of mass is converted to energy according to the relationship E = mc2, where E is energy, m is mass, and c is the speed of light.

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Most Popular

Cation

A positive ion, an atom or group of atoms that has lost one or more electrons.

Gem-dimethyl group

Two methyl groups of the same carbon atom.

Dipole Moment

The product of the distance separating opposite charges of equal magnitude of the charge, a measure of the polarity of a bond or molecule, a measured dipole moment refers to the dipole moment of an entire molecule.

Lewis Acid

Any species that can accept a share in an electron pair.

Polar Bond

Covalent bond in which there is an unsymmetrical distribution of electron density.

Basic Anhydride

The oxide of a metal that reacts with water to form a base.

Group

A vertical column in the periodic table, also called a family.

Alkylbenzene

A compound containing an alkyl group bonded to a benzene ring.

Oxidizing Agent

The substance that oxidizes another substance and is reduced.

Overlap

The interaction of orbitals on different atoms in the same region of space.