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Decomposition by heating a substance in the presence of a catalyst and in the absence of air.

 

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Covalent Compounds

Compounds containing predominantly covalent bonds.

Theoretical Yield

Maximum amount of a specified product that could be obtained from specified amounts of reactants, assuming complete consumption of limiting reactant according to only one reaction and complete recovery of product.

Clay

A class of silicate and aluminosilicate minerals with sheet-like structures that have enormous surface areas that can absorb large amounts of water.

Bonding Orbital

A molecular orbit lower in energy than any of the atomic orbitals from which it is derived, lends stability to a molecule or ion when populated with electron.

Polyene

A compound that contains more than one double bond per molecule.

Positron

A Nuclear particle with the mass of an electron but opposite charge.

Ligand

A Lewis base in a coordination compound.

Denatured

A commercial term used to describe ethanol that has been rendered unfit for human consumption because of the addition of harmful ingredients to make it sales tax-expempt.

 

Valence Electrons

Outermost electrons of atoms, usually those involved in bonding.

Distillate

The material in a distillation apparatus that is collected in the receiver.