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Maximum amount of a specified product that could be obtained from specified amounts of reactants, assuming complete consumption of limiting reactant according to only one reaction and complete recovery of product.

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Ion Product for Water

Equilibrium constant for the ionization of water, Kw = [H3O+][OH-] =1.00 x 10-14 at 25 °C.

Flammable

A liquid as defined by NFPD and DOT as having a flash point below 37.8°C (100°F).

Suspension

A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of solvent-like phase some time after their introduction.

Critical Point

The combination of critical temperature and critical pressure of a substance.

Vapor Pressure

The particle pressure of a vapor at the surface of its parent liquid.

Molar Solubility

Number of moles of a solute that dissolve to produce a litre of saturated solution.

D-Orbitals

Beginning in the third energy level, aset of five degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s and p orbitals of the same energy level.

 

Effective Molality

The sum of the molalities of all solute particles in a solution.

Homogeneous Equilibria

Equilibria involving only one species in a single phase. For example, all gases, all liquids or all solids.

Compressed Gas

A gas or mixture of gases having, in a container an absolute pressure exceeding 40 psi at 21.1°C (70°F)