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Electrons in filled sets of s , p orbitals between the nucleus and outer shell electrons shield the outer shell electrons somewhat from the effect of protons in the nucleus, also called screening effect.

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Organic Chemistry

The chemistry of substances that contain carbon-hydrogen bonds.

Solubility Product Constant

Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissolution of a slightly soluble compound.

Composition Stoichiometry

Descibes the quantitative (mass) relationships among elements in compounds.

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Coordination Isomers

Isomers involving exchanges of ligands between complex cation and complex anion of the same compound.

Compound

A substance of two or more elements in fixed proportions. Compounds can be decomposed into their constituent elements.

Levorotatory

Refers to an optically active substance that rotates the plane of plane polarized light counterclockwise, also called levo.

Condensed Phases

The liquid and solid phases, phases in which particles interact strongly.

Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Alkynes

Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.