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A compound formed by interaction of sucrose with a metallic oxide, usually lime, and useful in the purification of sugar.

 

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Beta Particle

Electron emitted from the nucleus when a neuton decays to a proton and an electron.

Dilution

Process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent.

Cathodic Protection

Protection of a metal (making ir a cathode) against corrosion by attaching it to a sacrifical anode of a more easily oxidized metal.

Dipole

Refers to the separation of charge between two covalently bonded atoms.

Donor Atom

A ligand atom whose electrons are shared with a Lewis acid.

Distillate

The material in a distillation apparatus that is collected in the receiver.

 

Atomic Mass Unit (amu)

One twelfth of a mass of an atom of the carbon-12 isotope, a unit used for stating atomic and formula weights, also called dalton.

Hydrogen-Oxygen Fuel Cell

Fuel cell in which hydrogen is the fuel (reducing agent) and oxygen is the oxidizing agent.

 

Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

Strong Electrolyte

A substance that conducts electricity well in a dilute aqueous solution.