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A white, needlelike, crystalline, water-soluble solid or syrup, C6H10O8, usually made by the oxidation of cane sugar, glucose, or starch by nitric acid. Also called "Glucaric acid."

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Linkage Isomers

Isomers in which a particular ligand bonds to a metal ion through different donor atoms.

 

Bond Order

Half the numbers of electrons in bonding orbitals minus half the number of electrons in antibonding orbitals. Bond order gives an indication to the stability of a bond. Also defined as the difference between the number of bonding electrons and antibonding electrons divided by two.

Fat

Solid triester of glycerol and (mostly) saturated fatty acids.

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Diamonds are still a girl's best friend, right? We love the shiny gems. They are the most popular rocks sold today. But what exactly are they, anyway? Where do they come from? What else are they used for?

Chemical Bonds

The attractive forces that hold atoms together in elements or compounds.

Partial Pressure

The pressure exerted by one gas in a mixture of gases.

Half-Reaction

Either the oxidation part or the reduction part of a redox reaction.

Alkali Metals

Metals of Group IA (Na, K, Rb).

Donor Atom

A ligand atom whose electrons are shared with a Lewis acid.

Buret

A piece of volumetric glassware, usually graduated in 0.1-mL intervals, that is used to deliver solutions to be used in titrations in a quantitative (dropwise) manner.