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Characteristic of the post-transition minerals, tendency of the outermost s electrons to remain nonionized or un shared in compounds.

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Strong Field Ligand

Ligand that exerts a strong crystal or ligand electrical field and generally forms low spin complexes with metal ions when possible.

Neutralization

The reaction of an acid with a base to form a salt and water. Usually, the reaction of hydrogen ions with hydrogen ions to form water molecules.

Background Radiation

Ratiation extraneous to an experiment. Usually the low-level natural radiation form cosmic rays and trace radioactive substances present in our environment.

Anion

A negative ion, an atom or goup of atoms that has gained one or more electrons.

 

Adhesive Forces

Forces of attraction between a liquid and another surface.

Coulomb

Unit of electrical charge.

Coordinate Covalent Bond

A covalent bond in which both shared electrons are donated by the same atom, a bond between a Lewis base and a Lewis acid.

Conduction Band

A partially filled band or a band of vacant energy levels just higher in energy than a filled band, a band within which, or into which, electrons must be promoted to allow electrical conduction to occur in a solid.

Phase Diagram

Diagram that shows equilibrium temperature-pressure relationships for different phases of a substance.

Freezing Point Depression

The decrease in the freezing point of a solvent caused by the presence of a solute.ing Point