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Characteristic of the post-transition minerals, tendency of the outermost s electrons to remain nonionized or un shared in compounds.

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K Capture

Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.

Dimer

Molecule formed by combination of two smaller (identical) molecules.

Copper

Discovered : known to ancient civilisations
Origin : The name is derived from 'Cuprum', the Latin name for Cyprus.

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Alcohol

Hydrocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring. Alcohols are a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group, OH, attached to a carbon atom.

Nuclear Binding Energy

Energy equivalent of the mass deficiency, energy released in the formation of an atom from the subatomic particles.

 

Alpha (a) Particle

Helium ion with 2+ charge, an assembly of two protons and two neutrons.

Ionization Isomers

Isomers that result from the interchange of ions inside and outside the coordination sphere.

Hybridization

Mixing a set of atomic orbitals to form a new set of atomic orbitals with the same total electron capacity and with properties and energies intermediate between those of the original unhybridized orbitals.

Secondary Standard

A solution that has been titrated against a primary standard. A standard solution is a secondary standard.