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Characteristic of the post-transition minerals, tendency of the outermost s electrons to remain nonionized or un shared in compounds.

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Catenation

Bonding of atoms of the same element into chains or rings.
The bonding together of atoms of the same element to form chains.
The ability of an element to bond to itself.

Electrodes

Surfaces upon which oxidation and reduction half-reactions, occur in electrochemical cells.

Formula Weight

The mass of one formula unit of a substance in atomic mass units.

 

Ionic Bonding

Chemical bonding resulting from the transfer of one or more electrons from one atom or a group of atoms to another.

Titration

A Procedure in which one solution is added to another solution until the chemical reaction between the two solutes is complete, the concentration of one solution is known and that of the other is unknown.

 

Crystal Lattice Energy

Amount of energy that holds a crystal together, the energy change when a mole of solid is formed from its constituent molecules or ions (for ionic compounds) in their gaseous state.

Cathode

Electrode at which reduction occurs in a cathode ray tube, the negative electrode.

Essential Oil

A plant extract that has a distinctive odour or flavour.

Alloying

Mixing of metal with other substances (usually other metals) to modify its properties.

Activity Series

A listing of metals (and hydrogen) in order of decreasing activity.