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Benzene and its derivatives.

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Electromotive Series

The relative order of tendencies for elements and their simple ions to act as oxidizing or reducing agents, also called the activity series.

Free Radical

A highly reactive chemical species carrying no charge and having a single unpaired electron in an orbital.

Alcohol

Hydrocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring. Alcohols are a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group, OH, attached to a carbon atom.

Heterocyclic Amine

Amine in which the nitrogen is part of a ring.

Plasma

A physical state of matter which exists at extremely high temperatures in which all molecules are dissociated and most atoms are ionized.

Lead Storage Battery

Secondary voltaic cell used in most automobiles.

Open Sextet

Refers to species that have only six electrons in the highest energy level of the central element (many Lewis acids).

Extrapolate

To estimate the value of a result outside the range of a series of known values. Technique used in standard additions calibration procedure.

Denatured

A commercial term used to describe ethanol that has been rendered unfit for human consumption because of the addition of harmful ingredients to make it sales tax-expempt.

 

Donor Atom

A ligand atom whose electrons are shared with a Lewis acid.

Daughter Nuclide

Nuclide that is produced in a nuclear decay.

 

Aryl Group

Group of atoms remaining after a hydrogen atom is removed from the aromatic system.

Line Spectrum

An atomic emission or absorption spectrum.

Supercritical Fluid

A substance at temperature above its critical temperature.

Polyprotic Acid

An Acid that can form two or more hydronium ions per molecule, often a least one step of ionization is weak.

Endothermicity

The absorption of heat by a system as the process occurs.

Square Planar

A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and four atoms at the corners of a square.

Eluate

Solvent (or mobile phase) which passes through a chromatographic column and removes the sample components from the stationary phase.

Isomers

Different substances that have the same formula.

Saturated Solution

Solution in which no more solute will dissolve.