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Region or volume in space in which the probability of finding electrons is highest.

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Oxidation Numbers

Arbitrary numbers that can be used as mechanical aids in writing formulas and balancing equations, for single- atom ions they correspond to the charge on the ion, more electronegative atoms are assigned negative oxidation numbers (also called Oxidation states).

Chemical Resources

Chemindustry.com - Includes chemicals, chemical companies, engineering, and process equipment. Search tool for products, services, and information.
Chemicals HeadQuarters - Directory of industrial chemicals and chemical products including induced and forced air coolers, halogenated compounds, distilling equipment, and foundry resins.
Chemical Advisory Service - Directories of chemical manufacturers and traders for Australia and New Zealand and chemical manufacturers for the Asia Pacific region.
Chemcompass - The database for the chemical industry. Search in over 20,000 products, 2,000 companies, brands, EINECS or CAS-numbers, and detailled company information.
Chemical Week - Daily news and product updates for professionals in the chemical industry.
American Chemistry Council News and Media - Provides chemistry business and industry news, updated issue briefs, fact sheets, press releases, media contacts and other resources.
About Chemistry - News articles, periodic tables, educational resources, newsletters, and annotated links.
General Chemistry Online - Rich resource for students and teachers of introductory chemistry. Includes interactive course guides and tutorials, an exam survival guide, reference tables, self-grading quizzes and exams, a searchable glossary, a question and answer board, answers to over 300 frequently asked questions, and a chemical trivia quiz.
Chem4Kids - Learn about chemistry including matter, atoms, and reactions. Includes online quizzes.
Chemistry & Environmental Dictionary - Contains definitions for many chemistry, environmental and other related technical terms and acronyms.
EDF Chemical Scoreboard - Toxic Release Inventory data for the US. Sources and amounts of toxic chemicals released to air and water. Also has information on health effects and other topics.
Chemistry Articles - Collection of chemistry and chemical related articles.

 

Hund's Rule

All orbitals of a given sublevel must be occupied by single electrons before pairing begins.

Le Chatelier's Principle

States that a system at equilibrium, or striving to attain equilibrium, responds in such a way as to counteract any stress placed upon it.
If a stress (change of conditions) is applied to a system at equilibrium, the system shifts in the direction that reduces stress.

Chemistry of the sky

Chemistry can teach us about the composition of celestial bodies and determine their age.

Conduction Band

A partially filled band or a band of vacant energy levels just higher in energy than a filled band, a band within which, or into which, electrons must be promoted to allow electrical conduction to occur in a solid.

Condensation

Liquefaction of vapor.

Standard Reaction

A reaction in which the numbers of moles of reactants shown in the balanced equation, all in their standard states, are completely converted to the numbers of moles of products shown in the balanced equation, also sall at their standard state.

Neutralization

The reaction of an acid with a base to form a salt and water. Usually, the reaction of hydrogen ions with hydrogen ions to form water molecules.

Dynamic Equilibrium

An equilibrium in which processes occur continuously, with no net change. When two (or more) processes occur at the same rate so that no net change occurs.