A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms are added to a molecule, one on each side of a double or triple bond. Types of addition reaction include electrophilic, nucleophilic (polar) and free radical addition (non-polar).
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The relative order of tendencies for elements and their simple ions to act as oxidizing or reducing agents, also called the activity series.
A highly reactive chemical species carrying no charge and having a single unpaired electron in an orbital.
Hydrocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring. Alcohols are a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group, OH, attached to a carbon atom.
Amine in which the nitrogen is part of a ring.
A physical state of matter which exists at extremely high temperatures in which all molecules are dissociated and most atoms are ionized.
Lead Storage Battery
Secondary voltaic cell used in most automobiles.
Refers to species that have only six electrons in the highest energy level of the central element (many Lewis acids).
To estimate the value of a result outside the range of a series of known values. Technique used in standard additions calibration procedure.
A commercial term used to describe ethanol that has been rendered unfit for human consumption because of the addition of harmful ingredients to make it sales tax-expempt.
A ligand atom whose electrons are shared with a Lewis acid.
Nuclide that is produced in a nuclear decay.
Group of atoms remaining after a hydrogen atom is removed from the aromatic system.
An atomic emission or absorption spectrum.
A substance at temperature above its critical temperature.
An Acid that can form two or more hydronium ions per molecule, often a least one step of ionization is weak.
The absorption of heat by a system as the process occurs.
A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and four atoms at the corners of a square.
Solvent (or mobile phase) which passes through a chromatographic column and removes the sample components from the stationary phase.
Different substances that have the same formula.
Solution in which no more solute will dissolve.