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A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms are added to a molecule, one on each side of a double or triple bond. Types of addition reaction include electrophilic, nucleophilic (polar) and free radical addition (non-polar).

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Ionization

In aqueous solution, the process in which a molecular compound reacts with water and forms ions.

High Spin Complex

Crystal field designation for an outer orbital complex, all t2g and eg orbitals are singly occupied before any pairing occurs.

Percent Purity

The percent of a specified compound or element in an impure sample.

Functional Group

A group of atoms that represents a potential reaction site in an organic compound.

Electrolysis

Process that occurs in electrolytic cells.

Clay

A class of silicate and aluminosilicate minerals with sheet-like structures that have enormous surface areas that can absorb large amounts of water.

Bronsted-Lowry Acid

A proton donor.

Moderator

A substance such as hydrogen, deuterium, oxygen or paraffin capable of slowing fast nuetrons upon collision.

Atomic Orbital

Region or volume in space in which the probability of finding electrons is highest.

Addition Reaction

A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms are added to a molecule, one on each side of a double or triple bond. Types of addition reaction include electrophilic, nucleophilic (polar) and free radical addition (non-polar).