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Amount of a specified pure product actually obtained from a given reaction. Compare with Theoretical Yield.

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Limiting Reactant

Substance that stoichiometrically limits the amount of product(s) that can be formed.

Linkage Isomers

Isomers in which a particular ligand bonds to a metal ion through different donor atoms.

 

Sulfuric Acid

H2SO4: colorless, oily liquid, boiling point 330C. A 96 percent solution is used in the laboratory.

Fire Hazard: This is a very powerful, acidic oxidizer which can Ignite or even explode on contact with many materials, i.e. acetic acid ,acetone+ HNOs, alcohols, + H202, NH4OH, HCL, NaOH, and others.

Sulfuric acid has a wide range of uses and plays a part in the production of nearly all manufactured goods.

Critical Pressure

The pressure required to liquefy a gas (vapor) at its critical temperature.

Primary Standard

A substance of a known high degree of purity that undergoes one invariable reaction with the other reactant of interest.

Weak Electrolyte

A substance that conducts electricity poorly in a dilute aqueous solution.

xylose

A colorless, crystalline pentose sugar, C5H10O5, derived from xylan, straw, corncobs, etc., by treating with heated dilute sulfuric acid, and dehydrating to furfural if stronger acid is used.

Solubility Product Principle

The solubility product constant expression for a slightly soluble compound is the product of the concentrations of the constituent ions, each raised to the power that corresponds to the number of ions in one formula unit.

Metallic Bonding

Bonding within metals due to the electrical attraction of positively charges metal ions for mobile electrons that belong to the crystal as a whole.

Amine Complexes

Complex species that contain ammonia molecules bonded to metal ions.