A dimensionless quantity whose magnitude is: equal to molar concentration in an ideal solution, equal to partial pressure in an ideal gas mixture, and defined as 1 for pure solids or liquids.
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Sand, rock, and other impurities surrounding the mineral of interest in an ore.
The heat content of a specific amount of substance, defined as E= PV.
Solubility Product Constant
Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissolution of a slightly soluble compound.
The mass of one formula unit of a substance in atomic mass units.
An impure form of carbon obtained by destructive distillation of coal or petroleum.
Electrons in filled sets of s , p orbitals between the nucleus and outer shell electrons shield the outer shell electrons somewhat from the effect of protons in the nucleus, also called screening effect.
An atom in a molecule or polyatomic ion that is bonded to more than one other atom.
Conduction of electrical current through a metal or along a metallic surface.
An oily, slightly water-soluble liquid, C7H6O2, having an almondlike odor: used chiefly in perfumery and in the synthesis of coumarin.
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being consumed itself in the reaction.
A substance that alters (usually increases) the rate at which a reaction occurs.
A proton acceptor
Number of moles of a solute that dissolve to produce a litre of saturated solution.
Photochemically produced oxidizing agents capable of causing damage to plants and animals.
Adhesion of a species onto the surfaces of particles.
Standard Molar Volume
The volume occupied by one mole of an ideal gas under standard conditions, 22.4liters.
A solid compound that contains a definite percentage of bound water.
Theory of reaction rates that states that effective collisions between reactant molecules must occur in order for the reaction to occur.
Ideal Gas Law
The product of pressure and the volume of an ideal gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas and the absolute temperature.
Any of six colorless, crystalline, isomeric acids having the formula C9H10O2, derived from xylene.
To estimate the value of a result outside the range of a series of known values. Technique used in standard additions calibration procedure.