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A compound containing an alkyl group bonded to a benzene ring.

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Valence Electrons

Outermost electrons of atoms, usually those involved in bonding.

Spectrochemical Series

Arrangement of ligands in order of increasing ligand field strength.

Hybridization

Mixing a set of atomic orbitals to form a new set of atomic orbitals with the same total electron capacity and with properties and energies intermediate between those of the original unhybridized orbitals.

Oxidation

An algebraic increase in the oxidation number, may correspond to a loss of electrons.

Amphoterism

The ability to react with both acids and bases.Ability of substance to act as either an acid or a base.

Amide

Compound containing the O-C-N group.Compound that can be considered a derivative of ammonia in which one or more hydrogens are replaced by a alkyl or aryl groups.

 

Polydentate

Refers to ligands with more than one donor atom.

Alkynes

Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.

Equation of State

An equation that describes the behavior of matter in a given state, the van der Waals equation describes the behavior of the gaseous state.

Greenhouse Effect

Trapping of heat at the surface of the earth by carbon dioxide and water vapour in the atmosphere.