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Describes the order in which electrons fill orbitals in atoms.

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Antibonding Orbital

A molecular orbital higher in energy than any of the atomic orbitals from which it is derived, lends instability to a molecule or ion when populated with electrons, denoted with a star (*) superscript or symbol.

Ion Product for Water

Equilibrium constant for the ionization of water, Kw = [H3O+][OH-] =1.00 x 10-14 at 25 °C.

Polar Bond

Covalent bond in which there is an unsymmetrical distribution of electron density.

Amine Complexes

Complex species that contain ammonia molecules bonded to metal ions.

Dispersed Phase

The solute-like species in a colloid.

Oxide

A binary compound of oxygen.

Doublet

Two peaks or bands of about equal intensity appearing close together on a spectrogram.

Integrated Rate Equation

An equation giving the concentration of a reactant remaining after a specified time, has different mathematical form for different orders of reactants.

Stereoisomers

Isomers that differ only in the way that atoms are oriented in space, consist of geometrical and optical isomers.

 

Hydration

Reaction of a substance with water.