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Compound in which an alkyl or aryl group and a hydrogen atom are attached to a carbonyl group and a hydrogen atom are attached to a carbonyl group, general formula, O-R-C-H

 

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Three ways to make patina at home

The first way is ammonia patination. To do this, take a plastic container. Put a couple of paper or ordinary towels at the bottom. Moisten them with ammonia. Then sprinkle with large table salt.

Common Ion Effect

Suppression of ionization of a weak electrolyte by the presence in the same solution of a strong electrolyte containing one of the same ions as the weak electrolyte.

Adsorption

Adhesion of a species onto the surfaces of particles.

Binary Acid

A binary compound in which H is bonded to one or more of the more electronegative nonmetals.

Equilibrium or Chemical Equilibrium

A state of dynamic balance in which the rates of forward and reverse reactions are equal, the state of a system when neither forward or reverse reaction is thermodynamically favored.

Metallurgy

Refers to the overall processes by which metals are extracted from ores.

Distilland

The material in a distillation apparatus that is to be distilled.

Acidic Salt

A salt containing an ionizable hydrogen atom. Acidic salt does not necessarily produce acidic solutions.

Thermal Cracking

Decomposition by heating a substance in the presence of a catalyst and in the absence of air.

 

Conjugated Double Bonds

Double bonds that are separated from each other by one single bond -C=C-C=C-.