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The amount of water that would absorb the same amount of heat as the calorimeter per degree temperature increase.

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Transition State Theory

Theory of reaction rates that states that reactants pass through high-energy transition states before forming products.

Critical Temperature

The temperature above which a gas cannot be liquefied, the temperature above which a substance cannot exhibit distinct gas and liquid phases.

Degenerate

Of the same energy.

Mass Spectrometer

An instrument that measures the charge-to-mass ratio of charged particles.

Catalyst

A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being consumed itself in the reaction.
A substance that alters (usually increases) the rate at which a reaction occurs.

D-Orbitals

Beginning in the third energy level, aset of five degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s and p orbitals of the same energy level.

 

Electrochemistry

Study of chemical changes produced by electrical current and the production of electricity by chemical reactions.

Paramagnetism

Attraction toward a magnetic field, stronger than diamagnetism, but still weak compared to ferromagnetism.

Hydrate Isomers

Isomers of crystalline complexes that differ in whether water is present inside or outside the coordination sphere.

Fatty Acids

An aliphatic acid, many can obtained from animal fats.