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Assumes that covalent bonds are formed when atomic orbitals on different atoms overlap and the electrons are shared.

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Emulsion

Colloidal suspension of a liquid in a liquid.

Standard Molar Volume

The volume occupied by one mole of an ideal gas under standard conditions, 22.4liters.

Derivative

A compound that can be imagined to arise from a partent compound by replacement of one atom with another atom or group of atoms. Used extensively in orgainic chemistry to assist in identifying compounds.

Displacement Reactions

Reactions in which one element displaces another from a compound.

 

Compressed Gas

A gas or mixture of gases having, in a container an absolute pressure exceeding 40 psi at 21.1°C (70°F)

xenon

A heavy, colorless, chemically inactive, monatomic gaseous element used for filling radio, television, and luminescent tubes. Symbol: Xe, at. wt.: 131.30, at. no.: 54.

Bomb Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings at constant volume.

Half-Life

The time required for half of a reactant to be converted into product(s). The time required for half of a given sample to undergo radioactive decay.

Spectrochemical Series

Arrangement of ligands in order of increasing ligand field strength.

Square Planar

A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and four atoms at the corners of a square.