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Assumes that covalent bonds are formed when atomic orbitals on different atoms overlap and the electrons are shared.

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Dry Cells

Ordinary batteries (voltaic cells) for flashlights. radios, and so on, many are Leclanche cells.

Integrated Rate Equation

An equation giving the concentration of a reactant remaining after a specified time, has different mathematical form for different orders of reactants.

Saccharate

A compound formed by interaction of sucrose with a metallic oxide, usually lime, and useful in the purification of sugar.

 

Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)

A written program developed and implemented by an employer designating proceedures, equipment, personal protective equipment, and work practices that are capable of protecting employees from the health hazards presented by hazardous chemicals usid in that particular workplace.

Concentration

Amount of solute per unit volume or mass of solvent or of solution.

Chemical Periodicity

The variations in properties of elements with their position in the periodic table.

Inert s-pair Effect

Characteristic of the post-transition minerals, tendency of the outermost s electrons to remain nonionized or un shared in compounds.

Neutralization

The reaction of an acid with a base to form a salt and water. Usually, the reaction of hydrogen ions with hydrogen ions to form water molecules.

Matter

Anything that has mass and occupies space.

Precipitate

An insoluble solid formed by mixing in solution the constituent ions of a slightly soluble solution.