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Assumes that covalent bonds are formed when atomic orbitals on different atoms overlap and the electrons are shared.

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Miscibility

The ability of one liquid to mix with (dissolve in) another liquid.

Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

Coordination Compound or Complex

A compound containing coordinate covalent bonds.

Reaction Ratio

The relative amounts of reactants and products involved in a reaction, maybe the ratio of moles. millimoles, or masses.

 

Physical Change

A change in which a substance changes from one physical state to another but no substances with different composition are formed. Example Gas to Liquid - Solid.

 

Effective Nuclear Charge

The nuclear charge experienced by the outermost electrons of an atom, the actual nuclear charge minus the effects of shielding due to inner-shell electrons.
Example: Set of dx2-y2 and dz2 orbitals, those d orbitals within a set with lobes directed along the x-, y-, and z-axes.

Fractional Precipitation

Removal of some ions from solution by precipitation while leaving other ions with similar properties in solution.

PseudobinaryIonic Compounds

Compounds that contain more than two elements but are named like binary compounds.

Amino Acid

Compound containing both an amino and a carboxylic acid group.The --NH2 group.

Thermonuclear Energy

The energy stored in the nucleus of an atom and released through fission, fusion, or radioactivity. In these processes a small amount of mass is converted to energy according to the relationship E = mc2, where E is energy, m is mass, and c is the speed of light.