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A reaction in which an atom or a group of atoms is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.

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Electrochemistry

Study of chemical changes produced by electrical current and the production of electricity by chemical reactions.

Nonbonding Orbital

A molecular orbital derived only from an atomic orbital of one atom, lends neither stability nor instability to a molecule or ion when populated with electrons.

Solvent

The dispersing medium of a solution.

Fatty Acids

An aliphatic acid, many can obtained from animal fats.

Mechanism

The sequence of steps by which reactants are converted into products.

Atomic Number


Integral number of protons in the nucleus, defines the identity of element.
 

Saccharic acid

A white, needlelike, crystalline, water-soluble solid or syrup, C6H10O8, usually made by the oxidation of cane sugar, glucose, or starch by nitric acid. Also called "Glucaric acid."

Delocalization

Of electrons, refers to bonding electrons that are distributed among more than two atoms that are bonded together, occurs in species that exhibit resonance.
The formation of a set of molecular orbitals that extend over more than two atoms, important in species that valence bond theory describes in terms of resonance.

Molecular Orbital

An orbit resulting from overlap and mixing of atomic orbitals on different atoms. An MO belongs to the molecule as a whole.

Hydrolysis Constant

An equilibrium constant for a hydrolysis reaction.