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Ligand that exerts a strong crystal or ligand electrical field and generally forms low spin complexes with metal ions when possible.

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Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Hydrolysis Constant

An equilibrium constant for a hydrolysis reaction.

Addition Reaction

A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms are added to a molecule, one on each side of a double or triple bond. Types of addition reaction include electrophilic, nucleophilic (polar) and free radical addition (non-polar).

Osmotic Pressure

The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.

Alloying

Mixing of metal with other substances (usually other metals) to modify its properties.

Flash Point

The temperature at which a liquid will yield enough flamable vapour to ignite. There are various recognized industrial testing methods, therefore the method used must be stated.

Valence Bond Theory

Assumes that covalent bonds are formed when atomic orbitals on different atoms overlap and the electrons are shared.

Ozone

We breathe 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, consuming about 25 kg of air every day. It turns out that we practically predetermine our health by the air we breathe.

Crystal Lattice Energy

Amount of energy that holds a crystal together, the energy change when a mole of solid is formed from its constituent molecules or ions (for ionic compounds) in their gaseous state.

Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings.